What Is a Dental Bridge?
A dental bridge consists of an artificial tooth, called a “pontic,” affixed to two dental crowns that are placed over the teeth adjacent to the missing tooth or teeth. The two crowns provide strength so that the artificial tooth can be used normally for biting, chewing, and speaking.
There are three main types of dental bridge:
Traditional: Dental crowns are placed over adjacent teeth and used to hold the false tooth in place.
Cantilever: Used when there is only one natural tooth available to support the artificial tooth. Cantilever bridges are rarely used since they can’t provide the same kind of strength as a traditional bridge.
Maryland: Also known as a resin-bonded bridge, a Maryland bridge is a more conservative solution for missing teeth that are not subject to strong biting force. Maryland bridges use a framework bonded to the adjacent teeth to keep the artificial tooth in place. The plus side is that your teeth will not need to be prepped for crowns, but the downside is that the resin bonding is not as strong.
Traditional dental bridges are the most common type since they can provide the best strength and stability. Dental bridges can last for ten years or more with proper care.